What is a trade discount?

the accounting for cash discounts and trade discounts are

In short, a sale was made for $90,000, against which it received Cash of $85,000 and expenditures of $5,000. The seller offers a trade discount on the list price or the catalog price that the buyer sees at the time of purchase. The seller reduces the list price by a certain percentage based on the quantity purchased.

Practice and theory are both unsettled with respect to the treatment of cash discounts. Customers can take these reductions if the account balance is paid within a relatively short period. The net method treats sales revenue as the net amount after the given discount, and any discounts that the buyer doesn’t take are recorded as interest revenue. The discounts are essentially treated as compensation to the seller for providing credit to the buyer. May 1st, 2019 Mr. Mackenzie purchased goods from Mrs Ponzzy of list price $1,800 on cash. Mrs. Ponzzy allowed a 10% trade discount to Mr. Mackenzie on the list price for purchasing goods in bulk quantity.

There are 3 Types of Discount;

Most businesses that are large and successful do not even think about this. A startup company or a young professional, however, might be trying to rein in their costs for labor and supplies. Cash discount is a deduction allowed by a supplier of goods or by a provider of services to the buyer from the invoice best way to move invoice from one customer to another price. Let’s say you own a clothing store and decide to pay for merchandise upfront. He may also offer discounts on older products that he’s trying to eliminate from stock, which can further reduce your expenses. Whenever you purchase goods, parts or accessories from suppliers, you want to get a good deal.

What is an example of trading discount?

Example of a Trade Discount

The retail price for a green widget is $2. One reseller orders 500 green widgets, for which ABC grants a 30% trade discount. Thus, the total retail price of $1,000 is reduced to $700, which is the amount that ABC bills to the reseller. The trade discount is therefore $300.

She works closely with small businesses and large organizations alike to help them grow and increase brand awareness. She holds a BA in Marketing and International Business and a BA in Psychology. Over the past decade, she has turned her passion for marketing and writing into a successful business with an international audience. Current and former clients include The HOTH, Bisnode Sverige, Nutracelle, CLICK – The Coffee Lover’s Protein Drink, InstaCuppa, Marketgoo, GoHarvey, Internet Brands, and more. In her daily life, Ms. Picincu provides digital marketing consulting and copywriting services.

Step by Step Solution

In this article, we will learn about cash discounts and trade discounts. We will also discuss the differences between cash discounts and trade discounts. The sellers and providers offering a cash discount will refer to it as a sales discount, and the buyer will refer to the same discount as a purchase discount.

Is trade discount an expense?

Trade Discount Journal Entry

It is typically documented in the purchase or sales book, but it is not entered into the ledger accounts, and there is no separate journal entry to reflect this. But when the trade is allowed then it shall be recorded as an expense.

If the buyer makes a quick payment within the mentioned credit period, the seller offers an additional discount on the pre-decided invoice price (that may or may not be net of existing trade discount). Another difference between the two lies in how they are recorded in the financial statements. Discounts allowed represent a debit or expense, while discount received are registered as a credit or income.

The Net Method of Accounting for Sales Discounts

Trade Discount is the discount which the manufacturers or the wholesalers offer to their customers, on a fixed percentage basis on the catalog price of the goods, at the time of sale. It is used as a tool by the manufacturers to attract customers, increase sales volume, and encourage bulk purchases. Therefore, with the increase in the volume of purchases, the rate of discount also increases in general.

Receiving a cash discount at any stage of its CCC could help make the company more effective and shorten the number of days it can take to convert its resources into cash flows. Cash discounts can benefit a provider of goods or services by giving her the cash sooner than she normally would get it. In turn, this cash could help her to grow the business at a faster pace while saving on administrative expenses, for example. There are many variations on the terms of cash discounts, which tend to be standardized within a particular industry.


E.g., if the invoice is due to be paid by the buyer in 20 days, and the payment is made within 10 days, the seller can offer a cash discount of 5% to the buyer on the invoiced price. Discount is an allowance provided to the customers in specific circumstances. In business, there are two main types of discounts, i.e. trade discounts and cash discounts. While trade discount is the reduction in the list price of the product, whereas cash discount is offered by the firms to its customers to encourage early payments. Encourage debtors to pay on time hence reduce the chances for the occurrence of bad debts which is a financial loss to the company


  • Mrs. Ponzzy allowed a 10% trade discount to Mr. Mackenzie on the list price for purchasing goods in bulk quantity.
  • The interpretation that is chosen affects how receivables and sales are measured and how the discount is reported.
  • No matter which recording method is used, a cash discount taken by a buyer will reduce sales revenue.
  • 28 Sent check to Frist paying for the April 18 purchase, net of the allowance and the discount.
  • Andra Picincu is a digital marketing consultant with over 10 years of experience.

In accounting, cash discounts are usually expressed as 2/10, n/30. This format shows the discount amount and the period within which it is available in an abbreviated form. If you receive discounts from suppliers, you can pass them on to your customers and expand your inventory, while keeping your expenses low.

If you’re the one offering discounts, you experience a greater sales volume, happier customers and faster payments. It’s also a good way to build lasting relationships with your clients and gaining a competitive edge at the same time. If your company provides a reduction in price to either individuals or other business, it’s called a discount allowed. In both cases, discounts can help increase sales and customer loyalty. In this deal, the goods are not sold to the end users such as final consumers.

  • The articles and research support materials available on this site are educational and are not intended to be investment or tax advice.
  • To take complete advantage of trade discounts, billing should be done as early as possible, which is usually on the shipping date.
  • It is always helpful to have cash on hand as cash is readily marketable and can be easily used for the acquisition of assets or payment to debtors.
  • The metric includes the amount of time needed to sell inventory, collect receivables, and the length of a company’s bill payment window before the company begins to incur penalties.

That is cash discount is a relief to the seller when on the other hand he/she is purchasing goods instead of selling and it is a relief to the buyer when the buyer is buying on credit. The term ‘discount’ refers to the deduction at a specified rate from the total amount receivable or payable based on the terms of the agreement. Therefore, if the discount is allowed, the receiver receives a lesser amount than the amount due, and the payer pays less amount than what is actually due to him. Hence, it is a loss to the one receiving payment but a gain to the person paying it. When payment is done in cash by the customers, it gives more access to cash on hand for the business.

What is trade discount in accounting?

Trade discount is referred to as the discount that is offered by a seller to the buyer of the product in the form of reduction in the price of the item.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top